If you want to spend your hard earned money floating the South Holston River with me or any other guide, one thing that could make that trip SO much more successful is 30 minutes a week of practice!
One sport I like to compare fly fishing to is golf. A lot of our clients and customers play golf. They know how hard it is to learn and how much time and practice it takes to get better. When you play a round of golf, every shot is carefully thought out. How hard do you need to hit the ball? Is there any wind to worry about? Are there any obstructions between you and the hole? What club should you use? Etc. The same should be done for every single cast while fly fishing. Every shot in golf is a little different, and the same is true for every cast in fly fishing. You should take a little time to think about every cast you make. Where do you want to put your fly? Are there any obstructions in front (and especially behind) of you? Do you need to make any adjustments? When you take a split second to look around and think about what you want to do, you will become a much more successful angler. I see too many people cast without purpose. If you want to catch fish and become a better angler, take a split second to think about what you are wanting to accomplish with your cast.
Whether you play golf, tennis, badminton or play a musical instrument, you won't get any better unless you practice. The same is true for fly fishing. Just like golf, and many other sports, fly fishing requires muscle memory, correct tempo and knowing your equipment. The only way to get better is practice, practice, practice. Even if I am out fishing everyday in a week, I still spend a couple days casting in my yard. I might cast for 5 min or 30 min, but it helps me get more comfortable with my ability and my gear. That way I know I'm ready when I'm on the water. Try placing objects at different distances in your yard and casting at them. Soon you will know exactly how much line you need out for a 20' cast or a 50' cast and you will be much more comfortable at recognizing distances...It will pay dividends when you are out fishing. If you want to perfect a reach cast or bow and arrow cast, do it at home and not when you have one shot to get it right when you're on the water. If you want to have a successful day on the water, you need to be confident in your ability and your gear. The only way to gain that confidence, is with practice.
Here are a few of the most common mistakes that are easily corrected with a little practice:
Watch your cast! One of the biggest mistakes people make in their cast, is going too far with the rod tip on their back cast. If you tell them to stop their back cast (rod tip) at 2 o'clock, they'll take it to 3-4 o'clock. If you get in the habit of watching ALL of your cast (forward and back), you will know exactly when to stop the cast. In this digital age, one valuable resource to help you get better is your cell phone. Video yourself casting! You video everything else, why not your casting?
Watch for slack in your line! The one thing you do not want in fly fishing, 95% of the time, is slack in your line. Whether you are casting, mending or just drifting your line on the water, keep the slack to a minimum. There are times when you want slack in your line, but just make sure you know how to manage that slack. If you take a little time every week, you will be able to get a feel for your equipment. You will be able to feel when you are loading and when you are not loading your rod. If you are not loading your rod properly, you are most likely introducing slack to your cast.
Patience! I see way too many fly fishermen rushing their cast! Again, watch your cast. Make sure you see the line starting to 'unfold' in your back cast before bringing it forward. Too often, people start their forward cast before the back cast has started to unfold. Bringing the line forward too soon, again, introduces slack into the line, creating a 'tailing loop,' and then the line usually ends up tangled or in a mess on the water...and not in a nice straight line.
You won't learn how to play the guitar, playing it half a dozen times a year. So why do you think that logic will work in fly fishing. I fish with a lot of people that think fly fishing in exotic places makes them a better fisherman. It doesn't. It just means they spend a lot of money on trips that could turn out a lot better if they spent 30 minutes a week casting in their back yard! Practice, people!
There are many streams in our neck of the woods, but one of them rules them all. That would be the Watauga River. Watauga is most likely a Cherokee word that historians believe means ‘the land beyond.’ If you’ve ever spent any time on this river, you know the name fits it well. When you are down in one of its many gorges, you feel like you are many miles from any civilization. When talking fishing and the Watauga River, it is usually broken down into two sections; the headwaters and the tailwaters. We will explore them both.
The Headwaters of the Watauga is spring fed and starts on the slopes of Grandfather Mountain. As the stream meanders down the mountains, it gets larger and larger. You can follow the headwaters from Grandfather Mountain as you head down NC HWY 105 S towards Boone, it cuts beneath 105 (behind Watauga River Fly Shop), and then you can follow it on Broadstone Rd. through Valle Crucis. From there the Watauga is heading west towards TN, which you will follow along HWY 321. Once it gets into TN it flows into Watauga Lake. Now, for the good part…fishing! The headwaters of the Watauga River is spring fed, so that means there is a constant flow of fresh, clean and cold water. This along with a rocky bed and good elevation drop, creates well oxygenated water with many good pools and ‘runs’ which make for ideal trout habitat. Trout thrive in cold, clean and well oxygenated water. The Watauga has all of that. When fishing the Watauga headwaters you can find wild and stocked brook, brown and rainbow trout, smallmouth and red eye bass, panfish, chubs, and many other species. Some of the most popular sections of the river are the Delayed Harvest sections through Valle Crucis and Sugar Grove. In these areas, the NC Wildlife Resources Commission stock thousands of trout in the Spring and Fall, making for some spectacular fishing. It’s definitely worth wetting a line in these areas.
For many anglers, the Tailwaters of the Watauga River are a destination trip as well. A tailwater is a steam located directly below a hydraulic structure or dam. The Watauga tailwaters is the section below the Wilbur Dam near Elizabethton TN. The release of cold water from the bottom of Watauga Lake year round means the water stays a relatively stable temperature. All of the nutrients from the lake bottom that make its way into the river, makes it a very good environment for bug life. Good bug life, cold, oxygenated water = great trout fishing! There is an abundance of good fishing on the Watauga tailwaters and it is a PREMIER trout fishing stream on the East Coast. Trout is the main catch, but in the lower sections, near Boone lake you can find stripers running up the river in the warmer months. There is some very good wade fishing all up and down the river and if you have a drift boat or raft, you can hammer some fish. Watch out for them releasing water on any tailwater stream. The flow is regulated by the energy demand and by lake levels. They may release water at any point, so if you are wading and the water starts to rise, get out. You can check the flows simply by downloading the TVA app on your phone.
This was a quick tour of the Watauga River, but if you’d like to explore the headwaters or tailwaters a little more in depth, give Watauga River Fly Shop a call at (828)963-5463 and we’ll take you on a guided trip and show you how great the fishing is on the Watauga!
This was a short article written for Angler Magazine WNC. Check it out there as well!
Here we go! Spring is on the horizon and we are starting to see the bugs a flyin'. Here is a recap of this weeks fishing around Boone and on the Tailwaters of the Watauga and South Holston.
Local small streams: The Delayed Harvest streams have all now been restocked. You can check out the dates here. The trout take a day or so to really get acclimated, but the Watauga, Helton, Wilson and New River stretches are all fishing well. You can use attractor nymphs with a lot of success right now. i.e. Squirmy Wormies, Egg patterns, Mop flies, Rainbow Prince nymphs, Rainbow Warriors and Wooly Buggers. Once the fish shy away from those, go to the standard pheasant tails, hares ears, Copper Johns, zebra midges, etc. Sizes 12 - 20 are working, so they aren't picky! If you see them eating on top, look around. What bugs are flying? Well, in the evenings you can find swarms, literally swarms of midges. Last night there were caddis starting to show as well. Sometimes it's tough to match the hatch when the bugs are size 30, but the fish are eating, so tie on some midges and give it a go.
The wild streams are really picking up as well. A dry/dropper in the faster, shallower water is $. A fat size 12 parachute Adams and a Frenchie or pheasant tail is killing it. In the deeper holes, throw in a nymph rig and they'll eat. Once again, the fish are actively feeding and not being particularly picky.
Watauga (Tailwaters): The nymph game is going strong, but the BWO's are coming off thick in spots, so if you like some dry fly action, you'll get it. If you see BWO's coming off the water and the fish feeding, a dry or emerger imitation from size 16-20 are working well. There are plenty of midges flying as well, so midge nymph or dry patterns will do the trick. When throwing a nymph rig, on the Watauga, don't be afraid to try attractor patterns on a dual nymph rig. Squirmies and prince nymphs are your friend.
South Holston (Tailwaters): Like the Watauga, BWO's and midges are the primary target. The BWO's are really coming off strong. The numbers of BWO's hatching have increased significantly over the last week and the fish are hammering dries! Again, BWO dry and emerger patterns size 16-20 are doing the trick. You might have to work a bit harder on these fish than you do on the Watauga, but put in the time and it'll be worth it. As for nymphs, soft hackles and midges. Do it!
(Oh yeah, the streamer bite has been strong on both of these as well).
Remember, the fishing on both the Watauga and South Holston Tailwaters will vary based on the generation schedule or water discharge. Your tactics will vary based on the amount of discharge.
Come by or give us a call, and we'll answer any questions and help you out as best we can. We've got waders in the water everyday. We fish, we scout, we observe. Not many people have the time to get on the water everyday and know whats going on out there. We do it for a living! If you want one hell of a day on the water, give us a call and we'd love to take you on a float or wade trip. Let's do it!
This post is to help you understand N.C. stream regulations. It is your responsibility to know and to abide by the laws of the NC Wildlife Resources Commission. All of the rules and regs can be found on ncwildlife.org or in the NCWRC Regulations Digest...
It may not be well known, nationally, but North Carolina has great opportunities for trout fishing. We are blessed to live in an area where trout can flourish and, therefore, we have great trout fishing opportunities. I can't tell you how many questions we get about trout fishing in the area each year. A lot of the questions involve where to fish, how to fish and the regulations. The one thing that confuses people most is that different streams and even different sections of streams may have different regulations. Mountain streams that are open to public fishing and support trout are designated as "Public Mountain Trout Waters" by the NCWRC. A significant amount of the fishing opportunities are on private property. Landowners have generously allowed fishing on these properties, so be sure to respect the property, the streams and the laws. We want to make sure that we keep these opportunities open for future generations. Here is a quick reference on the regulations for fishing in Public Mountain Trout Waters:
REGULATIONS FOR MOUNTAIN TROUT
LOCATION/SEASON SIZE LIMIT DAILY CREEL LURES/BAIT
HATCHERY SUPPORTED TROUT WATERS
Aug. 1, 2017 – Feb. 28, 2018 None 7 None 7 a.m. April 7, 2018 – July 31, 2018
-All Hatchery Supported Trout Waters not listed below
March 1, 2018 – April 6, 2018
**No fishing allowed ** ** ** -All Hatchery Supported Trout Waters not listed below
No closed season
-Linville River and tributaries within Linville None 7 None Gorge Wilderness Area
-Power reservoirs and municipal water
WILD TROUT WATERS
No closed season 7 inches 4 Artificial lures with a single hook.
WILD TROUT NATURAL BAIT WATERS
No closed season 7 inches 4 Artificial lures or natural bait with a single hook. No live fish allowed as bait.
DELAYED HARVEST TROUT WATERS
Oct. 1, 2017 – June 1, 2018 ** **No trout may be possessed
**No fishing allowed from 1⁄2 hour after sunset on
June 1, 2018, to 6 a.m. on June 2, 2018
** Artificial lures with a single hook. Natural bait may not be possessed.
** Aug. 1, 2017 – Sept. 30, 2017 None 7 None June 2, 2018 – July 31, 2018
(Note: youth under 18 years old only fishing from
6 a.m. until noon on June 2, 2018)
CATCH AND RELEASE / ARTIFICIAL LURES ONLY TROUT WATERS
No closed season ** ** Artificial lures with a single hook. **No trout may be possessed Natural bait may not be possessed.
CATCH AND RELEASE / ARTIFICIAL FLIES ONLY TROUT WATERS
No closed season ** ** Artificial flies with a single hook. **No trout may be possessed Natural bait may not be possessed
SPECIAL REGULATION TROUT WATERS
No closed season Only one fish may be 7 None -Catawba River from Muddy Creek to greater than 14 inches long
Morganton water intake dam
UNDESIGNATED TROUT WATERS
No closed season None 7 None
As you can see, the signs will tell you the regulation for that stream. All of these streams will require you to have an inland fishing license and a Trout Fishing Permit. If you are fishing a stream that is not designated as Public Mountain Trout Waters you will be required to have a fishing license, but a trout permit is not required. In these streams, there is no size limit or bait restriction, and the creel limit is seven trout per day.
Most North Carolinians associate the first Saturday in April as the opening of trout season. This is a misnomer (in a sense). You can fish for trout all year long in MOST streams. Hatchery Supported streams will be CLOSED from March 1 to the first Saturday in April. This means NO FISHING in Hatchery Supported streams (Green and White sign). Delayed Harvest streams, Wild, Catch and Release streams, etc are all open to fish.
Once again, most of the fishing opportunities are on private property and the landowners have generously allowed access for fishing. If you are fishing a designated (or undesignated) Trout Water and you encounter a "posted against trespass" (No Trespassing, Keep Out, Purple paint, etc.), respect the property owner's right and choose another location on the stream or another stream to fish. It is our responsibility to keep these waters (and the land surrounding the water) as we found it. Let's obey the rules, keep our waters clean, and respect the wildlife. It is YOUR responsibility to know the regulations and to make sure you are abiding by our laws and regulations. If we want future generations to enjoy this opportunity, we need to respect the land and our ecosystem! I hope this helps you better understand our laws and regulations. If you have any questions, give us a call or come by and we'll be happy to help! Also, we are an NCWRC licensing agent, so we can get you set up with the license that's right for you. HAPPY FISHING!
The other day a customer asked me, 'What does it take to be a guide?' Well, here's my answer: 'Dedication!'
You can't just have a fly rod and a guide license and call yourself a guide (or at least a guide that's worth a s$!*). Our guides have spent thousands of hours on the water gaining knowledge and perfecting their craft. Now, just because someone can fish, doesn't mean that automatically makes them a good guide. You have to be able to work with all skill levels and be able to teach an angler that might be ages 6 to 86. It is our job to give you the best opportunity at catching fish. We cannot and will not catch them for you. I have seen other guides catching fish for their clients and handing them the rod. If we can't teach you how to catch that fish, then we aren't doing our job! Fly fishing isn't an easy sport. You won't become 'good' at it in a 4 hr trip. It takes practice, practice, practice, but we will do our best to teach you the fundamentals and give you the best opportunity to catch fish.
A guides' day doesn't begin and end with your trip. Whether its a 4 hour wade trip or an all day float trip, many hours have been put into preparing for that trip. Guides spend hours upon hours tying flies all year long. During the winter months, most guides try to 'bulk' up on fly patterns they know they will use throughout the season. A guide will tie hundreds of during the winter months, and the process will continue throughout the year. On a typical 2 person float trip, we'll go through 12-24 flies. On a half day wade probably 6-12 flies. Sometimes, more. Sometimes, less, but that can add up quickly. We usually realize early in the summer that what was tied during the winter won't last as long as we had hoped. We may take you on a wade trip in the morning and head right back out in the evening to scout 'new' water. There are countless hours spent on rod setup, gear maintenance, lunch prep, and keeping cars and boats clean. If the hours were broke down, you could add around 3 hours of prep for each trip. Some of this time may have been spent scouting water and tying flies in the winter, but needless to say, a lot of time is spent on the trip before you even meet the guide.
I get asked, 100 times a year, 'Should I tip my guide?' and 'What is a customary tip for my guide?' YES, YES, YES to the first question. The second, well, take the info to heart I have given you already and also realize, the guide is supplying most of the gear. You are using their rods; they are buying all the leaders, tippet, indicators, etc; they are paying for shuttles and lunches for float trips; and they are buying or tying the 2 dozen flies you will use. The point is, there are a lot of expenses that go into a trip and a tip will hopefully cover those expenses. For a short answer, 20% is standard. It is like any other job in the service industry, if you had a good experience and were happy with the service you received, tip accordingly. We are very appreciative of our tips and it also shows us that you were happy with your experience.
Being a guide isn't easy! We are up early and in bed late; then we turn around and do it again the next day. I am very proud of our guides. I see how much time they spend getting ready to give you a trip you won't forget. They are very good at what they do and I am lucky to have them on board. I hope you understand a little bit more about what it takes to do our job. It is not the life for everyone, but it is very rewarding for us and we love doing what we do. We are dedicated to our passion of fly fishing and we are here to give you a great experience and show you why we love this sport! Happy Fishing!
For inquiries on guided trips come to the shop or give us a call (828)963-5463 and we'll be happy to help!
The wind is swirling, the eyes on your rod are freezing, the feeling in your hands and feet has been gone for the last hour, and the ice is threatening to break you off on every fish you catch. These are just some of joys of fishing in the winter. Many people pack it in and hang up the rod for the year, waiting for the warmer months and opting to tie flies, prepare for the spring, or just take some time off to avoid the cold. However, although less than at other times of the year, trout still continue to feed in the winter, and taking the right approach and using the right patterns can yield some amazing results. I have caught some of my best and most-memorable fish during the coldest months of the year. For those who are willing to brave the conditions, there are a lot of great opportunities to catch some good trout.
Fishing in the winter requires a much different approach from the spring, summer, and even the early fall. The lack of cover in the winter, especially from the loss of greenery and overhanging branches, makes the trout feel vulnerable and causes them to change where they hold in the streams and rivers to avoid their many predators. The runs that held fish all summer and fall will no longer provide a viable habitat for the same trout in the winter. Not only do these runs not provide enough cover from predators, the caloric expenditure required to sit in faster currents cannot be met with the lack of significant hatches and insect-life. You’ll find most of the trout in the bigger, deeper pools that have enough current to bring the bugs along to the feeding trout, especially holes that have logjams because they provide abundant during a time when not much is to be found. Because there is less bug activity in the winter, the flies and the approach you take also needs to change. The main patterns that we throw in the winter include midges, blue-wing olives (baetis), small black winter stone flies (mainly as nymphs), big golden stone flies, worms, eggs, pheasant tails, and hare’s ears.
The winter often brings a prominent decrease in bug activity and trout are required to adapt to these conditions. Big pools with slower currents offer more cover from aerial predators as well as refuge from the stronger currents that their limited winter diet cannot allow them to withstand. Therefore, we are mainly fishing under indicators on deeper rigs and light tippet, although there are certain days that will offer decent blue-wing olive and midge hatches. Typically, the water clarity is much more pronounced in the winter, and this can work against the angler. To combat this, we usually throw 5.5-7x tippet in fluorocarbon. This makes the tippet less visible and also is suppler than heavier tippet to use with the smaller, light flies that will allow them to get deeper much faster than with heavier tippet. Our rigs generally start with a 9 foot, 5 or 6x leader on floating fly line. We generally add a piece of fluorocarbon tippet in 5.5x and smaller before adding our first fly. We tend to fish a heavier tungsten bead fly like a pheasant tail, black stone fly, or hare’s ear, above a zebra midge, stream-bottom nymph, WD40, or rainbow warrior.
Having confidence in your flies is easy in the winter. Typically trout are eating midges, (which consist of 50% of a trout’s diet and even more so in the winter) stoneflies (little winter black stones, pat’s stoneflies, and big golden stones) and small mayflies in the baetidae family (pheasant tails, stream-bottom nymphs, panty droppers, soft-hackles, and micro mayfly nymphs). In the winter, the cold makes it increasingly difficult to tie knots and the diet is more limited than in the summer. With that being said, change the depth of your rig and the weight on the rig before arriving at the decision to tie on a different fly. I will move my indicator before adding weight because it’s easier to do. If that does not do the trick, I will add weights in increments until I have the fish dialed in. This can require some patience, but when you figure out the proper depth and weight in a big pool, you can have some good days of winter fishing. Come swing by the shop and we’ll get you set up with everything you need for a good day on the water. Also, if you need any gifts for the angler in your life then come by and we will be glad to help you find anything to make this a great holiday.
-Jeff Bowers, Guide at Watauga River Fly Shop
Ross Reels Evolution R Review
When referring to fly fishing reels, I hear people say too often, 'it's just a line holder.' Well, sure, if you are fishing small streams for small fish, you may not be fishing with 50' of line out or have a fish peel your line to your backing, but your reel is much more than a 'line holder.' It's your line of defense between you and whatever fish you are catching, big or small, it should properly balance that high performance rod you own and it should last longer than a pair of underwear. Many times I have been fishing a stream, no wider than the desk I am writing this on, and had a big brown take my fly. You see, that big brown is wise and he doesn't just roll over and let you drag him in...he runs straight downstream. What then do you do, or more importantly, what will your reel do?
So, Let's talk about no ordinary 'line holder.' Moreover, let's talk about a work of art. It's the Ross Reels Evolution R. The Evolution R is not a replacement to the Evolution LT (new model coming in 2018), it's her big brother! That big brother that is the star quarterback, models on the side and can quote Faulkner. So let's get the details out of the wayFirst, you can't deny it is one of the best looking reels out there. Coming in platinum and matte black, the fully machined aluminum alloy has a geometry that is as functional as it is stylish. The minimalist design allows for a lightweight, yet rigid and durable reel. If you notice, the ultra large arbor is engineered with a taper to allow for increased durability and even winding of line during your retrieve. This is an industry first for a fly reel. Another industry first is the drag design: 'a fully sealed, bonded carbon fluoropolymer and stainless steel interface that delivers smooth power in a lightweight, compact package.' The startup inertia in this drag is virtually nonexistent, meaning it will protect the most delicate of tippet. Where the drag 'knob' normally is, you will find a frame integrated knob that seamlessly integrates into the form of the reel. This design allows for easy adjustments and is particularly helpful while trying to adjust your drag when wearing gloves. You can adjust the drag by 'palming' it. Lastly, the handle is a fully machined canvas phenolic rod. Basically, its sheets of canvas in a resin that is hardened by applying heat and pressure then machined into the shape of the handle. The handle actually gets grippier when wet. Ross makes 4 sizes in the Evolution R lineup and the prices range from $455-$495. Oh yea, every bit of this reel is made in Montrose, CO. In layman's terms, this reel is super light, gorgeous, has a high performance drag that won't get 'gunked up,' is super smooth and it's made in the USA.
Now, how does it fish? I've personally had this reel since it came out in early 2017 and we have carried them in the shop since then, as well. Besides how the reel looks, the first thing you will notice is how lightweight it is and the feel of the reel is just 'different' from any other reel. Remember, different is not bad. Once you give the reel a spin, the real difference is evident . There is a bit of a click you can feel and hear as you retrieve, but it's a different feel from any other reel I have held. Then the drag has a click and 'ping' sound when it is engaged. For the first 10 seconds the Evolution R is in your hands, you won't know what to think about the retrieve. Then it hits you...it feels awesome! It's not a loud drag, but it sounds awesome when a big fish takes your fly and runs to the depths! Everytime I take a guide trip and put this reel into a clients hands, they look back at me and ask about the reel. Once they've fished it, they all love the feel of the Evolution R. This reel has been in my arsenal for a full guide season, and we have landed large fish on tiny tippet that I am convinced wouldn't have been landed on just another 'line holder.' When an inexperienced angler has a fish on and the drag is not adjusted correctly, I can easily make minute adjustments without getting in the way while the angler is fighting the fish. The ultra large arbor allows for a super fast retrieve, which is important when you need to get that line on the reel so you can let the carbon fiber drag do the work. My Evolution R has been thrown around, dropped, abused and neglected, yet has performed, everyday, like it just came off the shelf (All of my guide rods have Ross Reels on them and aside from being high quality, they are guide proof (i.e. bulletproof) and the Evolution R is proving to be the same). It has been fished on small mountain streams and large tailwaters and has performed flawlessly in every situation. With a $450+ price tag, this reel isn't for everyone, but to me, it is worth every penny. If you want a reel that is high quality, high performance and will last you a lifetime, check out the Evolution R. Oh yea, it seems to be able to hold my line and look good doing it.
Ross Reels Evolution R
The Evolution R is the culmination of our engineers’ and machinists’ artistic and technical prowess. It features a fully sealed carbon fiber drag with an industry-best power-to-weight ratio. Encased in a super lightweight frame, all models are less than 4.5oz. The innovative shape of the ultra-large arbor spool is engineered to force the even winding of the line across the face of the spool as it is retrieved - something never before seen in a fly reel.
I've been fishing this reel since it came out April 2017, and it is unlike any reel I've ever fished. The drag is super smooth and the large arbor allows for a super fast retrieve...not to mention, this thing is gorgeous! - Jeff Dean Owner WRFS
Ok, guys and girls. It's that time of year again when local anglers are trying to catch those elusive big browns. You've seen all of the hero shots of big 'ol browns and you probably want a piece of the action as well. Hell, we all do! Do you know why these fish are being caught this time of year? Well, I'll try to help to explain why these fish are all of a sudden catchable and the do's and don'ts during this time of year.
First off, brown trout spawn during the Fall. Once the weather starts to cool off in October, these fish are instinctively programmed to run upstream. This run means the trout need to be in great shape to be prepared to spawn. This makes brown trout hungrier and more aggressive during the Fall. On streams, browns will come out of the deep holes they were hiding in all year and head towards shallower water. This is also true on the tailwaters of the Watauga and South Holston. These fish will emerge from the lakes or from the lower deep holes and head upstream. They are looking for gravel beds with small, pea sized gravel that has the proper amount of sunlight, has the right amount of oxygen and is at the right temperature. Small sized gravel is best, so the female can clean the gravel by fanning her tail and create a crease on the surface to lay her eggs. This cleaned out area of the streambed is called a redd. (Bass fishermen will call them beds, but you will usually hear them referred to as redds when it comes to trout.) So, once the female has laid her eggs, the male comes by and fertilizes the eggs almost simultaneously. Next the female will cover the eggs with the cleaned gravel. This helps to protect the eggs while also allowing for the proper amount of oxygenated water. Once, the eggs are laid, fertilized and covered, the female will generally leave the redd. The male will then stick around and protect the redd for a period of time.
So, what's all of this mean to me? It sounds like a great time to be fishing? Yes, it is a great time to be fishing. Big browns have come out from the depths and are now visible, aggressive and hungry. Well, the spawn puts these fish in a very stressful situation. They are in the open, shallower water and they are trying to reproduce. All of the other predators (fish and insects) in the stream are eagerly awaiting to feast on these tasty brown trout eggs and the reproducing browns are feverishly trying to protect their eggs from all of these predators. If these eggs are actually able to be fertilized and have the proper environment to flourish, the small fish (fry) they produce are easy prey for other fish. There may be thousands of eggs on each redd, but the odds of these eggs turning into adult fish are very slim. Now here come the anglers trying to pluck them off of their redds.
This can be a delicate subject for many anglers, but you don't have to stop fishing. One thing to particularly look out for are the cleaned out areas on the streambed, or redds (see pic below). Please try to avoid damaging these areas. Go around them and leave them be. If you are dead set on fishing for that big fish that is planted on the redd, at least try not to damage the redd and be particularly careful with these fish. If it is a female, she may still have eggs in her so grab her with one hand on the tail and the other cradling her under the pectoral fins. Try to keep them in the water as much as possible and if you really need that hero shot, do it quickly. Spawning fish will need to eat, so these fish can be particularly easy to catch since they are usually visible and they will stay put on that redd at all costs. Leaving the redd, leaves the eggs susceptible to other predators and a fisherman wading through a redd can damage thousands of eggs.
You can still fish all of the same rivers without specifically targeting a reproducing fish. Plenty of big fish are moving around the river and not sitting on a redd. It's not illegal to target spawning fish and most of your friends will 'like' your Instagram post of that big brown. It's your decision to fish it or not. Just be informed of the consequences.